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What is a speech language pathologist?

A speech-language pathologist, often referred to as an SLP or speech therapist, is a highly trained professional who specializes in evaluating, diagnosing and treating communication and swallowing disorders. These disorders can range from articulation and language delays to voice disorders and cognitive-communication impairments.

speech therapy session with speech therapist and young girl

What Do Speech-Language Pathologists Do?

SLPs work with individuals of all ages, from infants to the elderly, addressing a wide range of communication challenges. Here are some of the key responsibilities of SLPs:


Assessment: SLPs conduct comprehensive assessments to evaluate a person's speech, language, voice, fluency, cognitive-communication and swallowing abilities. Through standardized tests, observations and interviews, they gather information to determine the nature and severity of the communication disorder.


Diagnosis: Based on their assessment findings, speech therapists make diagnoses and develop individualized treatment plans tailored to each person's specific needs and goals.


Therapy: SLPs provide therapy to help individuals improve their communication skills. This may involve exercises to strengthen muscles used in speech and swallowing, strategies to enhance language comprehension and expression, and techniques to improve articulation and fluency.


Counseling and education: SLPs offer guidance and support to individuals and their families, helping them understand the nature of the communication disorder and providing strategies to facilitate communication and foster progress.


Collaboration: Speech therapists often collaborate with other healthcare professionals, educators, and caregivers to ensure comprehensive care and continuity of services for their clients.


Where Do Speech-Language Pathologists Work?


hospital nurse's station

SLPs work in various settings, including:


Schools: Many SLPs work in educational settings, providing services to children with speech and language disorders in preschools, elementary schools, middle schools and high schools. They may work individually with students or in collaboration with teachers and other school staff.


Hospitals: Speech therapists are also employed in hospitals and medical centers, where they work with patients who have communication and swallowing disorders due to medical conditions such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, Parkinson's disease, ALS and head and neck cancer.


Rehabilitation Centers: SLPs play a vital role in rehabilitation centers, assisting individuals in recovering and improving their communication and swallowing skills after injury or illness.


Private Practice: Some SLPs operate their private practices, offering diagnostic and therapeutic services to clients of all ages in a clinical setting.


Home Health Care: SLPs may provide home-based services to individuals who are unable to travel to a clinic or hospital due to mobility issues or other constraints.


Universities and colleges: Speech therapists can also work as professors and researchers in higher education.


Speech-language pathologists are invaluable allies in supporting individuals with communication and swallowing disorders. Whether your child is struggling with speech sound production or your grandparent is having difficulty eating after a stroke, an SLP can provide expert assessment, intervention, and support to help them reach their full potential. By understanding the role of SLPs and where they work, you can make informed decisions about seeking help for your loved one's communication and swallowing needs.


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